What we can do to stop TB in our lifetime?
On March 24, every year world commemorates World Tuberculosis Day. For this year the slogan is "Stop TB in My Lifetime" which is the second year of a two-year campaign with this slogan calling for a world free of TB. Tuberculosis, an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a leading cause of death in the world and the important public health problem in Nepal.
About 45% of the total population in Nepal is infected with TB. According to National Tuberculosis Center statistics, around eighty thousand people have active TB and around 45,000 contracts the disease every year of which 20,000 have infectious tuberculosis. According to National Tuberculosis Program, TB causes an estimated 5,000-7,000 death per year in Nepal.
The government of Nepal has worked to combat this disease since 1937. Directly Observed Treatment Short Course (DOTS) is a very successful program of Nepal and, as a result, Nepal has already achieved both the global target of tuberculosis as 70.0% case detection with its 72% detection rate and surpassed the 85% treatment success rate with a rate of 88.0% and has maintained these achievements over the last several years. However, there is need for much work to be done. A TB free world can only be achieved if we all are committed to stop it in our lifetime. Stopping TB in our life time can be achieved by: To read full text please visit: Public Health Perspective [the first public health online newsletter of Nepal]. 2013 March, Vol. 3 Issue 3. Available from: http://www.bmhall.yolasite.com/publications.php