Global Health: Science and Practice. Inaugural issue of new open-access journal
From our colleagues at Johns Hopkins University and GANM. Another wonderful open- access resource to add to your collection (for reading and submissions). Please find the table of contents and link to this first issue below:
March 2013 | Volume 1 | Issue 1
Open-source collaboration for Global Health: Science and Practice
USAID and the Schools of Public Health at JHU and GWU welcome you to the inaugural issue of GHSP—an open-access, peer-reviewed journal for the global health community, particularly program implementers, to contribute to and benefit from a dialogue based on science and practical programmatic experience.
Ariel Pablos-Méndez, Michael Klag, Lynn Goldman
Glob Health Sci Pract 2013;1(1):1-2
A journal for global health programming
GHSP aims to improve how programs function at scale, targeting implementers who actually support and carry out programs across all of global health. Thus, we emphasize specific implementation details, using a crisp, accessible, interactive style.
James D Shelton, Ronald J Waldman
Glob Health Sci Pract 2013;1(1):3-4
Chlorhexidine for umbilical cord care: game-changer for newborn survival?
A simple technology with potential to prevent 500,000 global neonatal deaths annually.
Steve Hodgins, YV Pradhan, Leela Khanal, Shyam Upretti, Naresh Pratap KC
Glob Health Sci Pract 2013;1(1):5-10
Contraceptive implants: providing better choice to meet growing family planning demand
Contraceptive implants are extremely effective, long acting, and suitable for nearly all women—to delay, space, or limit pregnancies—and they are increasingly popular. Now, markedly reduced prices and innovative service delivery models using dedicated non-physician service providers offer a historic opportunity to help satisfy women's growing need for family planning.
Roy Jacobstein, Harriet Stanley
Glob Health Sci Pract 2013;1(1):11-17
GeneXpert for TB diagnosis: planned and purposeful implementation
Xpert MTB/RIF is a major advance for TB diagnostics, especially for multidrug-resistant (MDR) TB and HIV-associated TB. But implementation concerns including cost, technical support requirements, and challenging demands of providing second-line TB drugs for diagnosed MDR-TB cases call for gradual, careful introduction based on country circumstances.
Amy S Piatek, Maarten Van Cleeff, Heather Alexander, William L Coggin, Manuela Rehr, Sanne Van Kampen, Thomas M Shinnick, YaDiul Mukadi
Glob Health Sci Pract 2013;1(1):18-23
Global health diplomacy: advancing foreign policy and global health interests
Attention to global health diplomacy has been rising but the future holds challenges, including a difficult budgetary environment. Going forward, both global health and foreign policy practitioners would benefit from working more closely together to achieve greater mutual understanding and to advance respective mutual goals.
Josh Michaud, Jennifer Kates
Glob Health Sci Pract 2013;1(1):24-28
Can we stop AIDS with antiretroviral-based treatment as prevention?
Challenges to scaling up treatment as prevention (TasP) of HIV transmission are considerable in the developing-world context and include accessing at-risk populations, human resource shortages, adherence and retention in care, access to newer treatments, measurement of treatment effects, and long-term sustainable funding. Optimism about ending AIDS needs to be tempered by the realities of the logistic challenges of strengthening health systems in countries most affected and by balancing TasP with overall combination prevention approaches.
Edward J Mills, Jean B Nachega, Nathan Ford
Glob Health Sci Pract 2013;1(1):29-34
Reducing child global undernutrition at scale in Sofala Province, Mozambique, using Care Group Volunteers to communicate health messages to mothers
Care Group peer-to-peer behavior change communication improved child undernutrition at scale in rural Mozambique and has the potential to substantially reduce under-5 mortality in priority countries at very low cost.
Thomas P Davis, Jr, Carolyn Wetzel, Emma Hernandez Avilan, Cecilia De Mendoza Lopes, Rachel P Chase, Peter J Winch, Henry B Perry
Glob Health Sci Pract 2013;1(1):35-51
Effectiveness of a community-based positive prevention intervention for people living with HIV who are not receiving antiretroviral treatment: a prospective cohort study
In Mombasa, Kenya, a community-based HIV risk-reduction intervention effectively reached people living with HIV who were not receiving antiretroviral treatment (ART)—a difficult-to-reach population because they often fall outside the ambit of health care services—and succeeded in reducing reported risky sex behavior and increasing ART uptake.
Avina Sarna, Stanley Luchters, Eustasius Musenge, Jerry Okal, Matthew Chersich, Waimar Tun, Sabine Mall, Nzioki Kingola, Sam Kalibala
Glob Health Sci Pract 2013;1(1):52-67
Successful polio eradication in Uttar Pradesh, India: the pivotal contribution of the Social Mobilization Network, an NGO/UNICEF collaboration
Innovative approaches to eradicate polio in hard-to-reach areas included: (1) cadres of trusted community mobilizers who track children's immunization status, (2) responsiveness to people's concerns about immunization, (3) outreach to religious and other local leaders, (4) focus on both individual- and community-level behavioral approaches, and (5) continuous data collection and use.
Ellen A Coates, Silvio Waisbord, Jitendra Awale, Roma Solomon, Rina Dey
Glob Health Sci Pract 2013;1(1):68-83
Meeting the community halfway to reduce maternal deaths? Evidence from a community-based maternal death review in Uttar Pradesh, India
Even in the face of vigorous commitment to improving maternal health services in India, inadequate staffing, supplies, and equipment at health facilities, as well as transportation costs and delays in referral, appear to contribute to a substantial proportion of maternal deaths in a representative district in Uttar Pradesh.
Sunil Saksena Raj, Deborah Maine, Pratap Kumar Sahoo, Suneedh Manthri, Kavita Chauhan
Glob Health Sci Pract 2013;1(1):84-96
Women's growing desire to limit births in sub-Saharan Africa: meeting the challenge
Contrary to conventional wisdom, many sub-Saharan African women—often at young ages—have an unmet need for family planning to limit future births, and many current limiters do not use the most effective contraceptive methods. Family planning programs must improve access to a wide range of modern contraceptive methods and address attitudinal and knowledge barriers if they are to meet women's needs.
Lynn M Van Lith, Melanie Yahner, Lynn Bakamjian
Glob Health Sci Pract 2013;1(1):97-107
“Man, what took you so long?” Social and individual factors affecting adult attendance at voluntary medical male circumcision services in Tanzania
In a study in Tanzania, men and women generally supported male circumcision; however, cultural values that the procedure is most appropriate before adolescence, shame associated with being circumcised at an older age, and concerns about the post-surgical abstinence period have led to low uptake among older men.
Marya Plotkin, Delivette Castor, Hawa Mziray, Jan Küver, Ezekiel Mpuya, Paul James Luvanda, Augustino Hellar, Kelly Curran, Mainza Lukobo-Durell, Tigistu Adamu Ashengo, Hally Mahler
Glob Health Sci Pract 2013;1(1):108-116
Lessons learned from scaling up a community-based health program in the Upper East Region of northern Ghana
The original CHPS model deployed nurses to the community and engaged local leaders, reducing child mortality and fertility substantially. Key scaling-up lessons: (1) place nurses in home districts but not home villages, (2) adapt uniquely to each district, (3) mobilize local resources, (4) develop a shared project vision, and (5) conduct “exchanges” so that staff who are initiating operations can observe the model working in another setting, pilot the approach locally, and expand based on lessons learned.
John Koku Awoonor-Williams, Elias Kavinah Sory, Frank K Nyonator, James F Phillips, Chen Wang, Margaret L Schmitt
Glob Health Sci Pract 2013;1(1):117-133
Stories From the Field
From housewife to health worker: touching other lives and changing my own
Interview conducted by Tahir Tarar, Translated by Duaa Khalid
Glob Health Sci Pract 2013;1(1):134-135