Despite an increase in funding for malaria control during the last decade, and notable achievements in the treatment of malaria, we still have a long way to go to eliminate the disease. In December 2014, the World Health Organization reported that 3.5 billion people are still at risk of contracting malaria. In 2013, there were 198 million cases and 584,000 deaths from malaria, the majority among children in Africa.
One of the biggest challenges we face in the control of malaria is cross border malaria transmission. In recent years, there has been mass migration of populations across borders, making it difficult to implement control measures and halt the spread of the disease. Imported cases of malaria have been reported in Argentina, South Africa, and Southeast Asia, to name a few [1, 2, 3]. Cross border transmission presents a number of challenges, including the introduction of infection in disease-free areas and in areas that had achieved elimination or control, and the introduction of new drug-resistant malaria parasite strains.
This Expert Panel examined the barriers to achieving complete control and elimination of malaria transmission across borders and examined strategies for collaboration, training, and operational research to support these efforts across countries.