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Collection: Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

This Collection features a curated list of expert-recommended materials about PPE, current design challenges, and future prospects for improvement. The current Ebola outbreak in West Africa has demonstrated the importance of PPE. Even though health care workers caring for Ebola patients usually wear PPE, lack of proper training and faulty PPE have caused many health care workers to become infected, potentially furthering the spread of the epidemic.

To learn more about PPE and the Ebola response effort, we encourage you to review the compilation of resources below.

What is a Collection?

    A Collection is a comprehensive list of news and journal articles, book excerpts, images, videos and websites developed to provide up to date information about topics addressed in GHDonline communities.

    If you do not find what you are looking for, or have suggestions to improve this Collection, please do not hesitate to contact us.

Introduction to PPE

    About Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
    US Food and Drug Administration

    Type of resource: Website
    Description: This website answers the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about the Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), and provides a general overview of what PPE is, whether it can be reused, where can people buy it, etc.
    Updated on: June 4, 2014


    Emergency Response Resources: Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

    Type of resource: Website
    Description: This website provides a great introduction to the different types of PPE: respirators and protective clothing (selection, proper use, etc.), skin exposures and eye and hearing protection.
    Updated on: November 27, 2013


    Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for Infection Control
    Minnesota Department of Health

    Type of resource: Website
    Description: This websites is a succinct introduction to what a Personal Protective Equipment entails, guidelines and resources for PPE in healthcare settings, information on compiling materials for a disposable PPE kit, and instructions on PPE placement and removal.
    Updated on: October 07, 2014


    Personal Protective Equipment
    ABC of Prehospital Emergency Medicine

    Type of resource: Book excerpt
    Description: This book excerpt provides a general introduction on Personal Protective Equipment, items of PPE that should be part of the prehospital providers kit, different features PPE should have, and the legislations and standards that exist to define PPE.
    Published on: July 11, 2013


Current standards and protocols for PPE usage for Ebola

    CDC Tightened Guidance for U.S. Healthcare Workers on Personal Protective Equipment for Ebola
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

    Type of resource: Website
    Description: This website provides guidance that “focuses on specific personal protective equipment (PPE) healthcare workers should use and offers detailed step by step instructions for how to put the equipment on and take it off safely.”
    Published on: October 20, 2014


    Guidance on Personal Protective Equipment To Be Used by Healthcare Workers During Management of Patients with Ebola Virus Disease in U.S. Hospitals, Including Procedures for Putting On (Donning) and Removing (Doffing)
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

    Type of resource: Website
    Description: This website provides instructions for healthcare workers caring for patients diagnosed with Ebola on the procedures for putting and removing different types of PPE. “The guidance in this document reflects lessons learned from the recent experiences of U.S. hospitals caring for Ebola patients and emphasizes the importance of training, practice, competence, and observation of healthcare workers in correct donning and doffing of PPE selected by the facility.”
    Published on: October 20, 2014


Demonstration for putting on and removing PPE

    Steps to put on Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
    World Health Organization

    Type of resource: Image
    Description: This document provides a good visualization of the step by step procedure to put on a Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).
    Published on: N/A


    Steps to remove personal protective equipment (PPE)
    World Health Organization

    Type of resource: Image
    Description: Similar to the previous document, this guide outlines the step by step procedure to put off a Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) by using great visuals.
    Published on: N/A


    Ebola Education Session-Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Demonstration
    Partnership for Quality Care (PQC)

    Type of resource: Video
    Total length: 20.59 minutes
    Description: This video walks viewers through the procedures to put on the PPE and to take it off.
    Published on: October 21, 2014


    Donning and Doffing of PPE for Ebola Isolation Units
    North Carolina Division of Public Health

    Type of resource: Video
    Total length: 20.56 minutes
    Description: This really information video shows an example of a PPE that is recommended for health care providers who provide direct care for patients with Ebola. It also demonstrates a method for putting on and taking off PPE.
    Published on: October 27, 2014


Current PPE options and challenges

    What should Ebola health care workers wear?
    CBS News

    Type of resource: News article
    Description: This news article introduces a number of different PPE options and describes the levels of coverage, risk and challenges with each type. The article also explains the importance of having a partner trained in infection control while removing layers of protective gear after treatment in order to avoid inadvertent contamination.
    Published on: October 17, 2014


Need for new PPE to fight Ebola

    Ebola Virus Disease and the Need for New Personal Protective Equipment
    The Journal of the American Medical Association

    Type of resource: Journal article
    Description: The recent reports of transmission of Ebola virus to two nurses in the Texas hospital despite their use of the PPE has raised significant concerns about the safety of healthcare providers nursing Ebola patients. This article describes the need for improved protective technologies and goes on to describe the characteristics of ideal protective gear for Ebola.
    Published on: October 28, 2014


Ongoing efforts to improve PPE

    OpenIDEO Fighting Ebola Challenge in collaboration with the Grand Challenge for Development
    USAID and Open IDEO

    Type of resource: Website
    Description: PPEs are saving healthcare workers from getting infected with the Ebola Virus. However, the design of currently available PPEs have limitations. For example, they cannot be worn for more than 40 minutes in hot climates, which means the amount of time health care workers can spend diagnosing and treating Ebola patients is severely limited. USAID and partners have launched an initiative called “Fighting Ebola: A Grand Challenge for Development to help healthcare workers on the front lines provide better care and stop the spread of Ebola” in order to tackle this challenge.
    Published on: October 7, 2014


Last updated December 5, 2014