Please see abstract below and attached paper.
The malaria parasite develops virtually half-way through in culicine common "nuisance" mosquitoes. The parasite is only destroyed after it has made oocysts, the stage just before sporozites. Imagine if this adaptive parasite manages to infect the culicine mosquitoes. Nuisance mosquitoes also transmitting malaria? These tend to be more abundant and develop resistance to insecticides more readily.
Should we hasten to eliminate the malaria scourge before this happens?
Human malaria is known to be transmitted strictly by anopheline mosquitoes. Culicine mosquitoes such as Aedes spp. and Culex spp. are important vectors of other human pathogens including viruses and filarial
worms, but have never been observed to transmit mammalian malarias. Culicines do transmit avian malarias and, interestingly, allow partial development of mammalian-infectious Plasmodium parasites, implying that physiological barriers in the mosquitoes prevent parasite transmission. Although the mechanism(s) are not known, the mosquito immune system is probably involved in eliminating Plasmodium. However, Plasmodium has shown substantial capacity to adapt to new
vectors, and current ecological changes caused by humans could promote adaptation of human-infectious Plasmodium parasites to culicines. Such an event could have widespread epidemiological implications and
therefore merits attention.
Link leads to: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0063387
Link leads to: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24140295