Tanzania is one of the east African country that lies in the tropics of the southern hemisphere. According to 2012 census it was estimated to have more than 49.3 million people and 44.1% were less than 15 years and about 70% are in the rural areas (1).
Tanzania is one of the endemic country for Malaria thus more than 10% of all-cause mortality is due to Malaria especially children under five (2).
The government in collaboration and support with many agencies strive to fight off Malaria. About 95% of the population at risk use mosquito-treated nets in 2012 from 38% usage in 2008 (3).
Spraying of insecticides in the households has been the program of progress in the country to kill the vectors. 14% of households had been sprayed with insecticide up to 2012 and 95% in 2016 (4).
Mass campaign through media, advertisements and artists to sensitize the population on the prevention of Malaria by living healthy lifestyles, clearing of bushes, use of prophylaxis for pregnant women and early medical consultation in case of suspicion. Likewise local environmentalists visit the villagers and households in the towns to inspect and advise on their surroundings.
Pregnant women are given Malaria prophylaxis during their second and third trimesters and filled in their antenatal cards as required by the ministry of health of the country.
Wide availability of rapid malaria test kids (RDTs) for quick Malaria tests and Artemisinin drugs for uncomplicated and complicated Malaria and guidelines for use for the health providers is looked at making Malaria easily identifiable and treated even in limited-resource settings.
Moreover, reporting systems for Malaria as well as other diseases has been set and reports are followed up regularly from the district level through ministerial level to world health agencies and partners.
Despite all the efforts to fight off Malaria, challenges are always persistent due to insufficient funds and budget for Malaria, poverty and ignorance of the population especially in the villages, access to preventive measures and inadequate reporting.